mt. Elbrus - Caucasus

Mount Elbrus is a dormant volcano located in the western Caucasus mountain range, in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay–Cherkessia of Russia, near the border with Georgia. Mt. Elbrus's peak is the highest in Russia. Elbrus has two summits, both of which are dominant volcanic domes. Mt. Elbrus (west summit) stands at 5,642 metres (18,510 ft) the east summit is slightly lower at 5,621 metres (18,442 ft). The lower of the two summits was first ascended on 10 July 1829 (Julian calendar) by Khillar Khachirov, a Karachay guide for an Imperial Russian army scientific expedition led by General Emmanuel, and the higher (by about 20 m—70 ft) in 1874 by an English expedition led by F. Crauford Grove and including Frederick Gardner, Horace Walker, and the Swiss guide Peter Knubel of St. Niklaus in the canton Valais. While there are differing authorities on how the Caucasus are distributed between Europe and Asia, many sources agree that Elbrus is in Europe and is therefore the highest mountain in all of Europe.

Glacial lake of Elbrus

Glacial lake of Elbrus

Height 3730m. The semi-frozen lake is used as water supply by thawed snow of high-rise camp.

Elbrus high camp

Northern high camp of Elbrus

Height 3750m. The glacier lifting on which to east summit takes about 10 hours, and till the western summit about 12 hours begins with this height.

mt. Sirkh

mt. Sirkh

Height 3098м. The mountain Sirkh is located in east part of ridge Tashlysyrt. This mountain is much more ancient than Elbrus. It already existed when a volcano Elbrus yet didn't start being thrown up and its cone it wasn't visible. In due time it was the highest mountain of the Caucasus. With this mountain rituals were connected with a cult of god of the Sun also.     read further->


Nilov Monastery - Seliger

The island is the home of Nilov Monastery, which was founded by Saint Nilus in 1594, and previously welcomed up to 40,000 pilgrims each year. Most of the buildings of the monastery were built in the 18th and 19th Centuries in a neoclassical style. Today the monastery complex remains one of the most impressive ensembles of Neoclassical architecture     read further->


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